One of the main ways that phytonutrients help to prevent disease is by providing antioxidants. Antioxidants are substances that neutralize harmful molecules called free radicals, which can damage cells and contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Phytonutrients such as flavonoids, carotenoids, and polyphenols are all powerful antioxidants that can help to protect the body against the harmful effects of free radicals.

In addition to their antioxidant properties, phytonutrients also have anti-inflammatory effects, which can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. They may also have other beneficial effects on the body, including supporting the immune system and improving gut health.

Overall, including a variety of phytonutrient-rich foods in your diet can be an important way to support overall health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Some examples of phytonutrient-rich foods include colorful fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds.